Dr Shahida Wizarat is an independent economist and has been involved in research, teaching and administration. Her areas of interest are industrial economics focusing on industrial productivity, its determinants; concentration and profitability; development economic issues; economic policies; debt and its management. She is the author of over thirty research papers and articles published in journals of international repute in Pakistan and abroad. She has organized, attended and read papers in several international and national conferences. Dr Wizarat did her Ph D in Economics from the University of East Anglia, Norwich, England, where she studied on a British Council Scholarship. Earlier she did her M.A. in Economics from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A., while on a Rotary Foundation Graduate Fellowship. She has served as the Editor of the Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics and Director of the Applied Economics Research Centre, University of Karachi. She has also served on the Board of Directors of the Karachi Stock Exchange. She is also on advisory boards and research councils of several organizations and universities.